September 27, 2022


Art and Entertainment

Dance Forms In Kerela

Dance Forms In Kerela

This dance form is performed by both men and women. Men have more dance forms than women in the states. It is very difficult to classify these dance forms based on social, religious and marital reasons. The dance forms in Kerela are revered and have become the life of the people who perform them.

The dance form is perfect and unique in its presentation because it displays expressions that explain the meaning of the dance accompanied by appropriate costumes. There are almost 50 dance forms in Kerala of which Kathakali, Thiruvathirakali, Ottamthullal, Koodiyattam, Chakyar Kothu and Theyam are very well known.

Dance Form


Kerala is known for this dance form. This is Kerala’s ancient dance drama which is the oldest form of theatre. It is a combination of dance, drama, music, acting, percussion, mythology, culture and ritual. This dance form is featured in epic mythological figures such as the Ramayana, Mahabharata and other ancient books. Usually performed by male dancers. Kerala people love this dance form. It is performed by dancers with intricately painted faces, heavy, classy and colorful costumes, headgear, stylish make-up, feathered skirts and abundant ornamentation. Most of these dance forms are based on ancient biblical stories presented by the artists accompanied by songs sung using Chenda. So it literally means ‘to tell a story’.


Mohiniyattam is also known as ‘Kerala Nadanam’. This is a semi-classical female dance that is very sensual and performed with graceful movements. This is mostly done in Kerala temple grounds. This is done with the theme of love and devotion to God. Her dance moves are gentle, graceful and the expression in her eyes is captivating. The outfit for this dance form is very simple (white saree and gold fringe) with realistic makeup.


Thirvathirakali is also known as Kaikottikali. This dance form is performed during the Onam festival in Kerala. It is a group dance performed by both women who can dance in a circle and rhythmically to the rhythm of the song played during this dance form.


Kolkalli is a dance form performed by men and women in groups of 24 dancers. Rhythmic notes are produced with wooden sticks with special steps. This dance is performed in a circle by the artists. The accompaniment has a variety of voices and musical notes that generally rise and the dance reaches its climax.


This dance form was created by a Malayalam poet named Kalakkaththu Kunchan Nambiar. This dance is performed in a story format where each artist plays his character accompanied by musical notes, mridangam and idakka.


Koodiyattam is a dramatic dance presentation in Sanskrit. It is said that the history of dance drama emerged from Koodiyattam. The meaning of this dance form is ‘to dance together and that is the reason men and women share the same status in Koodiyattam. Instruments with high quality music are used in this case.

Chakyar koohu

Chakyar koothu is an ancient dance form and belongs to a very subtle monologue. This dance form is narrated in a dance form to the audience using epics and ancient scriptures. This is done only during special occasions and festivals in Kerala temples. This dance form involves minimal choreography and maximum facial expressions.


Theyyam is a form of social-religious kerala dance also known as Kaliyatom or Thirayattom. It is a form of ritual dance to glorify the goddess Kaali. This is done in every village and is very popular in the lower caste society. This is done without special makeup or colorful costumes.


It is one of the oldest theater arts of not only kerala but the whole country. This is done by professional Chakyar caste in Koothambalam temple. This dance is performed with facial expressions, gestures and gestures.


It is considered a proto type of kathakali. It is based on the life of Lord Rama, considered an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The artists are creatively decorated and the faces are painted with lots of make up to make it even more attractive.

Astapadi Atom

Ashtapadi Attom means dance based on Gita Govinda. This dance drama is based on the life of Lord Krishna. It is a dance form of Kerala descent. The main characters are Krishna, Radha and three other female characters. This dance form is also in the format of storytelling which reveals the life of Lord Krishna.


Patakom is a dance form that is very cheap compared to other dance forms. Usually staged in small events. Patakom includes narrative acting using alternative prose and song sequences and gestures used to present the story.


As the name suggests, this dance form is also based on the life of Lord Krishna. Served in an eight day cycle. Daily offerings are made to Lord Krishna with this dance form in the Guruvayur temple.

Sangha time

Sangha kali is also known as Sastrakali, Chathirakali or Vatrakali. It is a socio-religious dance form in which the artist is trained with physical training and military training with particular emphasis on physical feats and swordsmanship. This is done using weapons and the last part of the dance is called Kudameduppu.


This is a Bhagavathy Cult dance form based on its victories and victories. The characters in this dance form look very supernatural because of the beautiful costumes, face paintings, and heavy head coverings.

Kakkarissi times

This dance form is very loud as the artists scream and there is heavy drum beats. It is a group dance with the perfect coordination of the artists in shouting and creating a rhythmic note with the voice.

Dappu times

This is the Moplah Malabar dance group. This dance form is performed symmetrically and there is coordination of the steps of each dancer along with the drumming that is performed by them. They beat in the dappu with each holding the dancer in his left hand and dancing with the sway of the body.

Poykkuluau Time

Poykkuluau is also known as maralattom. It is a silent dance that is performed in conjunction with a temple festival. This is done to worship Durga and offer offerings with this dance form.


This is a northern kerala dance form. The dancer’s costume is made of leaves and twigs carried with rough facial markings and a thick skirt. This dance is performed with the instrumental tone of chenda and kinni.


Poorakkali is a folk dance performed in Kerala’s bhagavathy temple as a ritual offering performed during the month of Meenam. In this form of dance, the dancers are trained in all techniques and techniques of Kalaripayattu. This is done around lights, in eighteen different stages with different rhythms, each stage referred to as Niram.


This is a ritual dance to worship Goddess Kali. This dance form is very rhythmic and is performed with shouts and boisterous singing from the accompanying audience.

Sarpam thul

This form of dance is performed for the wealth and happiness of the family. Usually done by members of the community.


This dance is performed to give offerings to God Subra mania. The costumes of the artists are yellow or rose colored clothes with kavadi on their shoulders. They dance in a row to the rhythm of udduku, chenda, etc.


It is also a Kerala folk dance performed by women to entertain the bride and by men to entertain the groom. This is basically done in the kerala Muslim community.

Apart from these dance forms there are Parichamuttu Kali, Kampada Vu Kali, Thookam, Thumpi Thullal, Kummi, Morgam Kali, Arjuna Nritham, Kummatti, Gurudan Thookam, Thuyattu, Thirayattom etc. This form of dance is performed to worship different gods and rarely to different gods. opportunity. Kerala city is rich with almost 50 dance forms which are performed at almost every occasion and festival.